A coupling is an element of a drive line that primarily serves the purpose of transmitting power from one shaft to another, thereby providing for the connection of the driving and driven machine. At the same time, shaft misalignments, e.g. caused by assembly inaccuracies, should be compensated by the coupling while generating minimum reaction forces.
The distinction is made between angular, radial and axial shaft misalignments which may also occur simultaneously. Depending on the coupling type you choose, the dynamic behavior of the entire drive line, and consequently of the machine and its production process, can often be influenced by adjusting the torsional stiffness of the coupling.