Designers of plants and machines strive for the optimal selection of a coupling for the complete system with many variables requiring consideration. In most cases the main focus is not how maintenance-friendly the product is. Yet – one might say. For a sustainable improvement of the longevity and efficiency of plants, a stronger involvement of maintenance is a must.
Engineers need to consider several aspects for selecting the appropriate coupling such as the type of installation, primary and secondary connection, available space of installation, ease of mounting and dismounting as well as maximum rotational speed and resilience of the coupling. To compensate physical parameters or changes that are not obvious the safety factor, also known as safety multiple or safety coefficient, is taken into account.
Especially in narrow spaces, couplings can only be inspected visually, because the coupling is hardly accessible with conventional measuring devices. Atypical operation noise or vibrations are generally the first signals that there is something wrong with the coupling.
Maintenance and repair: Characteristics of gear couplings, steel disc couplings and (highly) flexible couplings
Couplings are not the most critical part of plants but they have to meet continuously changing requirements. Being reliable, efficient and robust is no longer enough – they should be easy to maintain in order to reduce costs and to avoid downtime. So for choosing the right coupling its characteristics in regard to maintenance and repair are playing a more important role.
Couplings in drive lines are of particular importance because they transmit power between the input and output side, and compensate for inevitably occurring misalignments of the units. Like other machinery elements, couplings need to be serviced at regular intervals. Only if the coupling is optimally tailored to the requirements of the operating conditions and subject to regular maintenance, can it contribute to ensuring the operating reliability and efficiency of a machine or plant.
Every vibratory system consists of an exciter and a mass with a force-transmitting medium in-between. Resonance is caused if this system is periodically excited with its natural frequency. In the field of mechanical engineering, resonance is an undesired phenomenon.